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A randomized controlled trial protocol for an interdisciplinary evaluation of non-arthritic hip disease

Lindsey Brown, Marcie Harris-Hayes, Randi Foraker, Kathryn Glaws, W Kelton Vasileff, Stephanie Di Stasi

Abstract


Background: Non-arthritic hip disease (NAHD) is a clinical condition often accompanied by painful movement. Current literature is lacking regarding how movement abnormalities are evaluated and treated in this population, which may be key to identifying which patients may respond to non-operative versus operative treatment. Combining the expertise of a hip arthroscopist and physical therapist may better inform treatment decisions for persons with NAHD. The primary objective of this study is to identify the extent to which an interdisciplinary evaluation between a physical therapist and surgeon influences treatment decisions of persons presenting to a hip preservation clinic.

Rationale for study design: A prospective, randomized controlled trial provides the ability to identify cause and effect of this new evaluation type.

Methods: Ninety-six adults with unilateral, NAHD presenting to a hip preservation clinic for initial evaluation will be randomized to receive either a standard evaluation with a surgeon or an interdisciplinary evaluation by a physical therapist and surgeon. Regardless of group, the surgeon conducts a standard-care examination. For participants in the interdisciplinary group, the physical therapist conducts an assessment of 6 postures and movements to identify asymmetrical, abnormal, or painful strategies. Treatment selection(s) and decisional conflict will be compared between groups after the evaluations.

Discussion: Persons with NAHD may experience considerable decisional conflict because of prolonged duration of symptoms and minimal evidence to compare operative and non-operative treatment for this population. The findings of this study have the potential to improve patient experience and produce more informed and supported treatment decisions for persons considering surgical treatment for NAHD.

Keywords


Decisional conflict, decision quality, evaluation, interdisciplinary, non-arthritic hip disease, non-operative management, operative management, patient outcomes, patient satisfaction, person-centered healthcare, physical therapy, RCT, shared decision-mak

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5750/ejpch.v7i1.1617

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